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Social Media and polarization of society

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Social Media has witnessed a mushroom growth that has impacted the discourse of political, cultural and religious systems by providing the equal opportunity of freedom of expression and of sharing an opinion or viewpoint on any issue.

Social Media has played a greater role in rightwing politics that paved the way for populist politicians to reach out to their voters.

Though Social Media has connected the people around the world, at the same time, it is causing division or disintegration and facilitating the social media lobbyists to polarize the communication so much the people support the arguments or opinions or political tirades against leaders without fact checking.

The world has been rocked by social networks such as Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and YouTube because the users of these social networks have already surpassed millions and are growing, but due to the limited regulatory framework, fake news, cyberbullying, extremism and terrorism has reached new heights.

The influencers’ interactions with social media users have polarized the political and social circles that led to the formation of online echo chambers, a tactic of social media recommendations by politicians to influence the users to strengthen their narrative regardless of facts that whether it is right or wrong, but it is knit in a manner that echo chambers appear to be normal for the people thus changing the way of thinking and increasing the supporters base.

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The echo chambers post such content that we enjoy a lot while reading, while keeping us away from the content that may stir a debate or arguments or expression of our disagreement over certain social, economic, religious, cultural or policy matters.

The echo chambers keep ideas flowing on a regular basis to the one side –the positive side of the argument, while its negative side is deliberately concealed to hide the facts.

This is the big issue that might be discussed with students, who should be informed and taught at school, college or degree level so that positive and constructive use of this digital medium could be ensured.

Social media connectivity around the world is undoubtedly amazing but the problems it created for both people and students are very dangerous, and need to be addressed and regulated.

Digital media, especially social media, for a long time remained unbridled to post any content that may fall in the purview of hatred, racism, bullying, derogatory remarks, character assault, rebellion, or anti-state elements instigating people to create chaos using the olive branch of social media. Since it was not monitored given the type of content being circulated and the information of people posting such content, including their motives behind such content as may have a constant flow of information that is recommended by the users pretending to be professionals, experts and mentors.

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Alarmingly, people without fact-checking go on sharing the content and thus creating hype for such an issue as does not have a basis and was the result of a conspiracy to exert pressure on some person or leaders to get some favours.

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The schools and colleges should chalk out the initiative to create awareness and practice of fair use so that social platforms should not post single or one-sided opinions or arguments but should welcome both so that positive use could be ensured. This will further the importance of social media.

Sometimes, the active echo chambers or volcanoes erupt over such issues as may be beneficial for the wider circle of society, but this finds serious criticism masterminded by people with an individual approach. They term it detrimental for them since it did not serve their interests, though it might have been beneficial for general people.

Humans have an intuitional inclination to communicate with like-minded people or the people with the same choices on social media, thus the echo chambers get even stronger. The discourse that discourages dissenting voices always comes under fire from the thinkers and intellectuals of the nation since it is tantamount to concealing the facts from the people.

The world is coming closer after the covid-19 pandemic that engulfed the entire world, bringing misery and economic crisis. The social media debates go with biased and unbiased approaches regarding getting the vaccine. Some optimists termed it great, while some pessimists or biased approaches raised questions.

The echo chambers try to influence their opinions and win support.Similarly, echo chambers of both Democrats and Republicans only canvassed for their candidates but the leaders instigated the masses to attack Capitol Hill through social media and emotional speeches using their influence on social media, especially Twitter .

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Some researchers have found that echo chambers influence people to win support but social media influencers have a follower-base of millions, and may polarize the public and politics, since influencers share success stories like internet marketers compelling you to buy their products.

The opinion leaders and experts reveal that for the last two decades, the percentage of American people having consistently holding liberal or conservative beliefs— rather than a blend of the two, which is the case for most people— has increased from 10 percent to over 20. Beliefs about the other side are becoming more negative creating an alarming situation.

Since 1994, the number of people who see the opposing political party as a threat to “the nation’s well-being or security” has doubled, which heralds how deepening polarization has predictable results raising eyebrows.

The government shutdowns, violent protests, scathing attacks on elected officials, the capitol Hill incident –all indicate that social media have been polarizing the political system and divided the nation each passing day due to echo chambers of both mainstream parties regarding the issues of health, security, human rights, employment and environment.

According to evidence from empirical research conducted on US politicians, politicians following extreme ideologies attracted a larger public audience than those who were moderate, which is the real example of echo chambers.

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Usually, messages containing extreme thoughts, emotional instigation, patriotism, or criticizing the opposition received a warm welcome on social media platforms than those messages reflecting merely information.

The polarization of issues and political ideology will have serious repercussions in future that should be addressed on a timely basis so that societies could be saved from further isolation and disintegration.

The issues could be resolved through educating the people and creating awareness about the fair and professional use of social media channels for advocacy for winning support for legislation, an issue, a policy or employment.

Instead of showing the dark side of the issue, we have to educate people regarding both pros and cons of matters of importance for the general public rather than misleading the people with biased approaches to oppose the initiative of the government, community or civil society for the general benefit.

Social Media network operators are the bigwigs and the most influential in this.They cannot be controlled but only  be regulated by framing such laws that  may ensure fair use of this digital platform and are careful so that users may not face any legal issue by discussing sensitive issues such as desecration of holy places, religions, personalities, anti-state tirades, rebellion, terrorism, extremism and so on. The sensitive issue may stir protests and cause legal proceedings, if the cyber-regulatory laws are implemented to discourage the influence of one-sided opinions or campaigns.

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We cannot deny the importance of social media platforms as they provide equal opportunity to people to express and share their thoughts or opinions, but safe and thoughtful use of these platforms will encourage healthy discourse and prove pivotal in promoting dialogue to discuss social, economical and cultural issues peacefully without hitting the sentiments of other communities.

Thus, echo chambers will be less powerful to build a narrative that is appealing but the readers will be engaging themselves in the debates that need interaction.

Undoubtedly, social media platforms have changed the political and social approach of the people and enabled face-to-face digital interaction through video and audio conference calls, so their fair use will mitigate their cons manifold.

The social media networks apply algorithms to connect you with like-minded people but it is up to you whether your engagement in communication is either unbiased or biased.

Social media should be promoting positive discourse to explore the political and economic solutions to the problems of people by reflecting the two sides of the coin so that the discourse be constructive and problem-solving. Social media has given a voice to marginalized people and governments are compelled to resolve the issues of people on a priority basis due to trending topics of social media.

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Even the populist leaders may face resistance from social media as the public makes the most of the freedom of expression and criticizes the role of politicians for their failure to address the issues of the public.

In recent times, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter have been creating history in highlighting issues of both public and national interest but at the same time such platforms have been taken by storm by those influencers who continue to feed the news about their vested interests and create psychosocial hype for any issue that may jolt the power corridors of Government.

The politicians always take to Twitter for their precise viewpoint and policy debate and are usually followed by millions of followers. Even the print and electronic media take the tweets as policy statements or the narrative of some party or group.

The schools and colleges should chalk out the initiative to create awareness and practice of fair use so that social platforms should not post single or one-sided opinions or arguments but should welcome both so that positive use could be ensured. This will further the importance of social media.

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AI

A New Challenger to Google’s Throne: Can AI Search Engines Profit?

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A new competitor using artificial intelligence is making waves in the rapidly changing technology sector, where search engine industry heavyweights like Google have long held a dominant position. The tech industry is curious and debating the possibility that a young business is preparing to threaten Google’s hegemony, according to recent reports. There are still unanswered concerns regarding the practicality and profitability of AI-driven search engines, despite the enticing prospect of competition in the search engine business.

The Rise of a Challenger

Google, with its ubiquitous search engine, has become synonymous with internet searches, boasting billions of queries processed every day. Its algorithms have been refined over the years to deliver increasingly accurate and relevant results to users worldwide. However, the emergence of artificial intelligence has opened doors to new possibilities in search technology.

Enter the new player, a company leveraging AI to revolutionize the way we search for information online. With advanced machine learning algorithms and natural language processing capabilities, this upstart aims to provide users with a more intuitive and personalized search experience. By understanding context, intent, and user preferences, it promises to deliver results that are not only accurate but also tailored to individual needs.

Challenging the Status Quo

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The prospect of a new competitor entering the search engine arena raises intriguing possibilities. Competition breeds innovation, and the presence of a formidable challenger could spur Google to further enhance its own search capabilities. Moreover, increased competition could lead to greater choice and diversity in the search engine market, empowering users with alternatives to the established giant.

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However, dethroning Google is no easy feat. The tech behemoth has built a massive infrastructure over decades, comprising vast amounts of data, sophisticated algorithms, and a global network of servers. Its brand recognition and user loyalty are formidable barriers for any would-be competitor to overcome.

The Profitability Conundrum

While the potential for innovation and competition is enticing, questions linger about the profitability of AI-driven search engines. Unlike traditional search engines that rely heavily on advertising revenue, the business model for AI search engines is less clear-cut.

Advertising remains a primary revenue stream for search engines, with Google generating billions in ad revenue each year. However, the effectiveness of advertising on AI-driven platforms may differ from traditional search engines. AI algorithms prioritize relevance and user experience, which could impact the display and effectiveness of ads.

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Moreover, the costs associated with developing and maintaining AI technology are substantial. Training machine learning models, processing vast amounts of data, and ensuring the scalability and reliability of AI systems require significant investment. Whether AI search engines can generate sufficient revenue to offset these costs remains uncertain.

Monetizing AI Search Engines

Despite the challenges, there are potential avenues for monetizing AI search engines beyond traditional advertising. One possibility is offering premium services or subscriptions that provide enhanced features and capabilities to users willing to pay for them. These could include advanced search filters, personalized recommendations, or access to exclusive content.

Another option is leveraging AI technology to provide targeted insights and analytics to businesses. By analyzing search patterns and user behavior, AI search engines could offer valuable data-driven insights to marketers, researchers, and other stakeholders. This data could be monetized through licensing agreements or subscription services.

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Additionally, partnerships and collaborations with other companies could provide revenue opportunities for AI search engines. By integrating with e-commerce platforms, travel agencies, or other service providers, they could earn referral fees or commissions for directing users to relevant products and services.

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The Road Ahead

As the tech landscape continues to evolve, the emergence of AI-driven search engines represents a fascinating development with the potential to disrupt the status quo. While questions remain about their profitability and viability, the allure of innovation and competition cannot be ignored.

Ultimately, the success of AI search engines will depend on their ability to deliver value to users while finding sustainable revenue streams. Whether they can truly challenge Google’s dominance remains to be seen, but one thing is certain: the era of AI-powered search is upon us, and the possibilities are endless.

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Business

10 Best Tips to Set up your Shopify, Amazon, and Etsy Stores to Succeed as a Seller

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Introduction

Today’s Era is the age of Digital Platforms and Marketplaces World Wide. Online marketplaces like Shopify, Amazon, and Etsy have made it easier than ever for entrepreneurs and beginners to start their online businesses. However, with so many sellers vying for the attention of customers, it can be challenging to stand out from the crowd. This guide will provide you with the top 10 tips to set up your Shopify, Amazon, and Etsy stores to succeed as a seller. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced entrepreneur, these tips will help you create a successful online business.

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  1. Choose the right platform: Select the platform that best suits your business needs. Shopify, Amazon, and Etsy are popular choices for online sellers.
  2. Create a professional store: A professional-looking store is essential to attract customers. Use high-quality images and write clear product descriptions. Make sure your store is easy to navigate and has a clean design.
  3. Optimize your product listings: Use relevant keywords in your product titles and descriptions to improve your search rankings. Make sure your product descriptions are detailed and accurate.
  4. Offer competitive pricing: Research your competitors’ prices and offer competitive pricing to attract customers. Consider offering discounts or promotions to encourage customers to make a purchase.
  5. Provide excellent customer service: Respond to customer inquiries promptly and provide excellent customer service to build customer loyalty. Ensure your customers are satisfied with their purchases and address any issues they may have.
  6. Use social media: Promote your store on social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter to reach a wider audience. Share high-quality images of your products and engage with your followers.
  7. Offer free shipping: Consider offering free shipping to attract more customers. You can also offer free shipping for orders over a certain amount.
  8. Run promotions and discounts: Offer promotions and discounts to encourage customers to make a purchase. You can offer discounts for first-time customers or customers who refer their friends.
  9. Track your sales and analytics: Use analytics tools to track your sales and monitor your store’s performance. This will help you identify areas where you can improve and make data-driven decisions.
  10. Stay up-to-date with industry trends: Keep up-to-date with the latest industry trends and adjust your strategy accordingly. Attend industry events and conferences, read industry publications, and network with other sellers.
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Conclusion

Setting up a successful online business requires careful planning and execution. By following these 10 tips, you can set up your Shopify, Amazon, and Etsy stores to succeed as a seller. Remember to choose the right platform, create a professional store, optimize your product listings, offer competitive pricing, provide excellent customer service, use social media, offer free shipping, run promotions and discounts, track your sales and analytics, and stay up-to-date with industry trends. With these tips, you’ll be well on your way to creating a successful online business. Good luck!

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Digital

Riding the Tech Wave: S&P 500 Hits a Record High

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Introduction: The Bullish Surge

In a surprising turn of events, the S&P 500 has once again shattered records, propelled by a formidable rally in the technology sector. Investors and analysts are taking notice of the remarkable ascent, as the index rides the wave of innovation and resilience. Let’s delve into the factors driving this surge and what it means for the broader market.

The Tech Frenzy: A Driving Force

Unraveling the Tech Rally

The backbone of this unprecedented climb is undeniably the relentless rally in technology stocks. Companies at the forefront of innovation, from Silicon Valley giants to emerging disruptors, have been key contributors. As the digital landscape continues to evolve, investors are placing their bets on the firms shaping the future.

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Pandemic-Induced Acceleration

The global pandemic acted as an unexpected accelerator for technology adoption. Remote work, e-commerce, and digital transformation became the norm, boosting the prospects of tech companies. The S&P 500 reflects this societal shift, with tech stocks leading the charge as the world adapts to a more digitally connected future.

Resilience Amid Uncertainty: A Market Perspective

Navigating Economic Challenges

Despite ongoing economic challenges, the stock market has displayed a surprising resilience. The S&P 500’s new record is a testament to the market’s ability to weather storms and adapt to changing circumstances. Investors are finding solace in the tech sector’s stability, viewing it as a safe harbor in uncertain times.

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Inflation Concerns: A Balancing Act

The specter of inflation has loomed over the market, causing ripples of concern. However, the tech sector’s ability to innovate and adapt quickly provides a counterbalance to these worries. Investors seem to be betting on technology’s intrinsic value, which often lies in its capacity to stay ahead of economic headwinds.

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Winners and Losers: Navigating the S&P 500 Landscape

Tech Titans and Disruptors

Within the technology sector, it’s not just the established giants that are driving the rally. Up-and-coming disruptors, fueled by innovative ideas and agile business models, are capturing the attention of investors. This diverse landscape within tech allows for a more nuanced investment approach, as opportunities abound beyond the well-known market leaders.

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Sector Disparities: A Tale of Divergence

While technology stocks are basking in the limelight, other sectors are experiencing varying degrees of performance. Understanding these disparities is crucial for investors seeking to navigate the complexities of the current market. From traditional industries to emerging sectors, each plays a role in the broader economic picture.

Risks on the Horizon: Acknowledging Market Realities

Overvaluation Concerns

As the S&P 500 continues its ascent, concerns about overvaluation are surfacing. Some market observers warn that the current euphoria surrounding technology stocks might be inflating their prices beyond reasonable levels. Cautionary voices urge investors to remain vigilant and not succumb to the allure of quick gains without due diligence.

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Regulatory Challenges

The technology sector, while a driving force behind the market surge, is not immune to regulatory challenges. Increased scrutiny and potential regulatory changes could impact the trajectory of tech stocks. Investors should factor in these uncertainties and remain attuned to the evolving regulatory landscape.

Investor Strategies: Navigating the New Market Landscape

Diversification in a Tech-Driven Market

Given the dominance of the technology sector, diversification becomes a strategic imperative for investors. While tech stocks present enticing opportunities, a well-balanced portfolio that includes a mix of sectors can help mitigate risks associated with sector-specific fluctuations.

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Long-Term vs. Short-Term: A Balancing Act

The current market climate prompts investors to consider their time horizon. While short-term gains are enticing, a long-term perspective may offer a more stable and sustainable approach. Balancing the pursuit of immediate returns with a commitment to long-term financial goals is key in today’s dynamic market.

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Conclusion: Navigating the Future Terrain

The S&P 500’s new record high, fueled by a technology rally, paints a picture of a market adapting to the challenges of our times. As investors navigate this new terrain, a blend of optimism and caution is warranted. Understanding the driving forces, acknowledging potential risks, and adopting a diversified and balanced investment approach will be pivotal in capitalizing on the opportunities presented by the current market dynamics. In the ever-evolving world of finance, the ability to ride the waves of change may well be the key to sustained success.

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