Connect with us

China

What will the post-COVID world look like?

Published

on

Although virologists have been warning of the risks of a global pandemic since the SARS outbreak in 2003, the world was still mostly unprepared when confronted with the COVID-19 crisis. However, it was also unlucky.

It was unfortunate that the pandemic came in the run-up to a US presidential election that has created an environment as politically polarized as any the country has experienced. As a result, much of the US media coverage of, and debate about, the virus and the global policies needed to deal with its effects have been more about the presidential race rather than the pandemic.

This has obviously had a clear effect on international politics because of the importance of the role of the US and its global leadership.

It was also bad luck that the health crisis came at a time of high tensions between the US and the second largest global power, China, where the virus originated. This further complicated any potential global unified response.

As a result of the global uncertainty, it is difficult to forecast how critical aspects of the crisis, which seems likely to continue for at least another 12 months, will play out in the Middle East, and also what a post-COVID world might look like.

Advertisement

One certainty is that most countries will be forced to shift their focus and resources to domestic matters rather than regional issues.

The virus and the resultant shutdowns imposed to “flatten the curve” of infections have had, and will continue to have, devastating consequences on economies and national budgets. It seems that despite the soft reopening of parts of economies around the world, the current health concerns will prevent a full restoration of business activities for some time, especially if the number of infections and deaths start to rise again after governments relax precautionary measures.

ALSO READ:   Why Are Voters So Frustrated in the US Despite a Booming Economy?

In our increasingly interconnected world, it is difficult to determine whether any country will come out on top economically, and consequently geopolitically, especially given mounting levels of debt.

Countries able to borrow in their own currency seem to be at an advantage; this applies mainly to the US and the EU (if the European countries can unify their policies), and indirectly also explains the current debate in the Gulf about the unpegging of currencies.

Another certainty is that with less money available, wars and proxy wars will become prohibitively expensive and all parties will be forced to scale down their ambitions. As a result, aggression will be reduced and consensus and agreement might be more readily reached. Countries and their allies or proxies who have refused to sit at the negotiation table might now change their minds and mellow, or perhaps even be forced to completely withdraw from conflict zones.

Take Iran, for instance, which has been targeted recently by a successful US policy of maximum pressure. The country is facing problems domestically and, with the added pressure of low oil prices, it will be less able to maintain its financial support to the Houthis in Yemen, the militias in Iraq, and Hezbollah.

Advertisement

Does that mean Tehran will cease its meddling? Nothing is certain but domestic turmoil might force it to do so.

As Iran’s problems have grown, the region has witnessed during the COVID-19 pandemic the emergence of a more assertive Turkey. This has happened despite the fact the country is also suffering economically.

ALSO READ:   How to liberate Pakistan from the IMF Trap: Strategies and Steps to Follow

It has been a long time in the making. Turkish involvement has spread to many regional issues beyond its normal national security zone. Its involvement in neighboring Syria is understandable, given that the conflict there directly threatens Turkey’s security. More interesting is the Turkish interest in Libya, where Ankara is pushing for a continued presence with no apparent direct threat or rationale to explain this. This is happening while it also increases political rhetoric that promises continued interference in the domestic affairs of Arab countries in the years to come.

A closer look at the issues reveals that Turkey is focusing its involvement on key points on Europe’s energy routes. This is not surprising, as Europe remains Ankara’s main and constant focus. So, Turkey is now directly competing with Russia — the biggest supplier of gas to Europe — in Syria, where Iran is also strongly entrenched as the country is a key Mediterranean access point for its gas and energy deliveries to Europe.

Turkey is challenging Russia for control of the tap that provides Europe with its energy stability, and this explains its involvement in Libya and other countries. The same logic explains Ankara’s negative reaction to the Israeli-Greek-Cypriot gas-pipeline project, EastMed. This motivates its strategy, as it hopes to leverage it to make more gains in the region.

Advertisement

Therefore, we can expect an increased Turkish focus on the Mediterranean and on supply-chain routes and access points for energy, as well as merchandise being shipped from the East to Europe.

On that point, the land routes of China’s Belt and Road Initiative include one that goes through Russia and another that passes through Turkey. This massive project is also something Turkey is well aware of, and Ankara is striving to ensure it has a presence on key points along the BRI’s Maritime Silk Road. Once again, it is being guided not by national security concerns but a desire to increase its regional clout.

ALSO READ:   Could OpenAI Be the Next Tech Giant?

It is difficult to forecast how critical aspects of the corona crisis will play out in the Middle East. 

Khaled Abou Zahr

While Russia and Turkey face off on the ground over an increasing number of issues, it is interesting to note the apparent lack of any direct involvement by the US or China, the two biggest global powers, and, surprisingly, the total absence of European nations, which should be the most concerned about what is happening.

In weighing how global and regional powers will direct their foreign policies and manage existing conflict zones, their own domestic political, economic and social stability will play an important role.

Advertisement

Yet, apparent weaknesses might invite bold moves and dangerous power-grab attempts. This delicate balance will be the key driver for international policies in the coming years. One might say that uncertainty and volatility have spread from the stock-markets to the geopolitical arena.

  • Khaled Abou Zahr is the CEO of Eurabia, a media and tech company. He is also the editor of Al-Watan Al-Arabi.

Courtesy : Arabnews.pk

Continue Reading
Advertisement
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

AI

Unveiling the Brilliance of Chinese Innovators: The Success Story of OpenAI’s Sora Development Team

Published

on

Introduction:
In the realm of artificial intelligence, the spotlight often shines on groundbreaking innovations that push the boundaries of what technology can achieve. Recently, the Chinese developers behind OpenAI’s text-to-video generator, Sora, have captured attention both internationally and at home. This article delves into the journey of Jing Li and Ricky Wang Yu, two key members of the Sora development team, as they receive well-deserved acclaim for their contributions to advancing AI applications.

The Rise of Sora:
OpenAI’s Sora has emerged as a game-changer in the field of AI, bridging the gap between text and video generation with unprecedented accuracy and efficiency. The technology behind Sora represents a significant leap forward in how machines interpret and translate textual information into visual content.

Meet the Masterminds: Jing Li and Ricky Wang Yu:
Jing Li and Ricky Wang Yu stand out as pivotal figures in the success story of Sora. Their expertise, dedication, and innovative thinking have played a crucial role in shaping the capabilities of this revolutionary text-to-video generator. Let’s explore their backgrounds, contributions, and the impact they have had on the development of Sora.

China’s Embrace of Innovation:
The recognition bestowed upon Jing Li and Ricky Wang Yu within China reflects the nation’s fervor for technological advancement. As a global powerhouse in AI research and development, China continues to foster an environment where innovation thrives, propelling projects like Sora to new heights of success.

The Significance of Sora in AI Evolution:
Sora’s emergence as a cutting-edge text-to-video generator marks a significant milestone in the evolution of AI applications. By seamlessly translating textual input into visually compelling output, Sora opens up a world of possibilities for industries ranging from entertainment to education.

Advertisement

Challenges and Triumphs:
Behind every groundbreaking innovation lies challenges that must be overcome through perseverance and ingenuity. Jing Li, Ricky Wang Yu, and their fellow team members at OpenAI have navigated obstacles with determination, turning setbacks into opportunities for growth and learning.

ALSO READ:   Prime Minister’s Meeting With President Of Azerbaijan In Davos

Future Prospects for Sora and Beyond:
As Sora continues to garner acclaim on the international stage, its creators look towards the future with optimism and ambition. The success of this project serves as a testament to what can be achieved through collaboration, innovation, and a relentless pursuit of excellence in AI research.

Conclusion:
In conclusion, the story of Jing Li and Ricky Wang Yu exemplifies the spirit of innovation that drives progress in the field of artificial intelligence. Their contributions to OpenAI’s Sora project underscore the transformative power of technology to shape our world in ways we never thought possible. As we celebrate their achievements, we are reminded that the future holds endless possibilities for those who dare to dream big and push the boundaries of what is deemed achievable in AI development.

Continue Reading

China

China’s Global Trade Ambitions Unveiled: Navigating the Belt and Road, Digital Silk Road, and RCEP

Published

on

Introduction:
In recent years, China has embarked on an ambitious journey to reshape global trade dynamics and cement its position as a dominant economic power. Through strategic initiatives like the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), the Digital Silk Road (DSR), and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), China aims to create a new paradigm of international trade and cooperation. This article delves into these three pivotal strategies, analyzing their implications for global trade, geopolitical relations, and the future of economic integration.

I. The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI): Reimagining the Ancient Silk Road

  • Overview and Objectives: Introduction to BRI’s inception in 2013, its goals of improving regional connectivity, and fostering economic development across Asia, Africa, and Europe.
  • Infrastructure Development: Analysis of major infrastructure projects, including railways, highways, and ports, and their impact on trade and economic growth in participating countries.
  • Financial Implications: Discussion on the financing of BRI projects, the role of Chinese banks, and the debt implications for participating nations.
  • Geopolitical and Economic Influence: Examination of how BRI extends China’s geopolitical influence and reshapes trade routes and economic dependencies.

II. The Digital Silk Road (DSR): Pioneering the Future of Digital Trade

  • Concept and Scope: Introduction to the DSR as an extension of the BRI focusing on digital infrastructure, including 5G networks, fiber optic cables, and e-commerce platforms.
  • Technological Impact: Analysis of how DSR projects facilitate digital connectivity, enhance digital commerce, and promote Chinese technological standards globally.
  • Cybersecurity and Data Sovereignty: Discussion on concerns related to cybersecurity, data governance, and the implications for global data flows and internet governance.
  • Strategic Partnerships: Examination of key partnerships and collaborations under the DSR, highlighting China’s role in shaping the digital landscape of developing countries.
ALSO READ:   How 5G puts airplanes at risk – an electrical engineer explains

III. The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP): A New Era of Asian Economic Integration

  • Formation and Members: Overview of RCEP as the world’s largest free trade agreement, its member countries, and the negotiation process.
  • Trade Liberalization: Analysis of the agreement’s provisions on tariff reductions, non-tariff barriers, and the expected boost in intra-regional trade.
  • Economic Implications: Discussion on how RCEP strengthens China’s economic ties with Asia-Pacific nations and its impact on global supply chains and trade dynamics.
  • Challenges and Opportunities: Examination of the challenges facing RCEP implementation, including disparities among member economies, and the opportunities for economic integration and growth.

IV. Synthesis: China’s Multifaceted Approach to Reshaping Global Trade

  • Comparative Analysis: A comparative analysis of how BRI, DSR, and RCEP complement each other in achieving China’s trade and economic objectives.
  • Global Implications: Discussion on the broader implications of China’s trade strategies for global trade architecture, international relations, and the balance of power.
  • Opportunities and Challenges for the Global Community: Exploration of how countries can navigate the opportunities and challenges presented by China’s trade initiatives to foster cooperation, development, and mutual benefit.

Conclusion:
China’s strategic endeavours through the BRI, DSR, and RCEP represent a bold vision to reshape world trade on its own terms. While these initiatives offer significant opportunities for economic growth and connectivity, they also pose challenges and raise questions about the future of global trade dynamics. As the world navigates this evolving landscape, understanding China’s ambitions and strategies becomes crucial for policymakers, businesses, and analysts alike.

Final Thoughts:
This article has provided a comprehensive analysis of China’s plan to reshape world trade through its ambitious initiatives. As these projects continue to unfold, their impact on global trade, economic integration, and geopolitical relations will undoubtedly be profound and far-reaching. Engaging with these developments in a thoughtful and strategic manner will be essential for any stakeholder in the global economy.


Continue Reading

China

Unveiling China’s Diplomatic Strategy: How Funding Fuels Influence in the Global South

Published

on

Introduction

In the realm of international relations, China’s approach to diplomacy has been a subject of intrigue and analysis. With a keen focus on the Global South, Beijing’s strategic manoeuvring in merging funding with diplomacy has reshaped traditional power dynamics. This article delves into how China leverages financial resources to bolster its influence in regions like Latin America and Africa, shedding light on the implications of this approach.

1: The Evolution of China’s Diplomatic Strategy
China’s diplomatic strategy has undergone a significant evolution over the years, transitioning from a policy of non-interference to proactive engagement with developing nations. By intertwining funding initiatives with diplomatic efforts, Beijing has effectively positioned itself as a key player in shaping global discourse.

1.1: The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)
At the forefront of China’s diplomatic endeavors is the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a massive infrastructure development project spanning multiple continents. Through the BRI, China extends financial support to countries in need of infrastructure development, fostering closer ties and enhancing its geopolitical influence.

1.2: South-South Cooperation
China’s engagement with the Global South is characterized by a commitment to South-South cooperation, emphasizing mutual benefit and shared development goals. By offering funding assistance without imposing political conditions, Beijing has cultivated strong partnerships with countries in Latin America and Africa.

Advertisement

2: Beijing’s Engagement with Latin America
Latin America has emerged as a key battleground for China’s diplomatic ambitions, with Beijing actively seeking to deepen economic and political ties with countries in the region. Through strategic investments and funding initiatives, China aims to solidify its position as a leading partner for Latin American nations.

ALSO READ:   Government and people of Pakistan extend the heartiest congratulations to the European Union

2.1: Economic Investments
China’s economic investments in Latin America have surged in recent years, encompassing sectors such as infrastructure, energy, and technology. By providing funding for critical projects, Beijing not only stimulates economic growth in the region but also strengthens its influence over key decision-making processes.

2.2: Political Alliances
In addition to economic investments, China has forged strategic political alliances with countries in Latin America, leveraging its financial resources to garner support on international issues. By aligning interests and offering funding assistance, Beijing cements its position as a trusted partner for regional governments.

3: China’s Engagement with Africa
Africa represents another focal point of China’s diplomatic outreach, with Beijing actively engaging with African nations through a combination of funding initiatives and strategic partnerships. By investing in key sectors and promoting cooperation, China seeks to enhance its presence on the African continent.

3.1: Infrastructure Development
China’s investments in infrastructure development across Africa have been instrumental in driving economic growth and connectivity within the region. Through initiatives like the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), Beijing channels funding towards critical projects that benefit both Chinese interests and African development goals.

Advertisement

3.2: Resource Diplomacy
Resource diplomacy plays a crucial role in China’s engagement with Africa, as Beijing seeks to secure access to vital resources through strategic partnerships with African nations. By offering funding for resource extraction projects and infrastructure development, China strengthens its foothold in key sectors like mining and energy.

Conclusion:
China’s fusion of funding and diplomacy represents a nuanced approach to global engagement, one that prioritizes economic cooperation and mutual benefit. By strategically leveraging financial resources to build relationships with countries in the Global South, Beijing is positioning itself as a formidable player on the world stage. As we witness the unfolding dynamics of international relations, it becomes evident that China’s push to lead the Global South is not merely about funding projects but about shaping a new era of diplomatic influence.

Continue Reading
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement

Trending

Copyright © 2022 StartUpsPro,Inc . All Rights Reserved